Plagiarism Policy

IBA considers plagiarism as "taking and using the thoughts, writings, and inventions of
another person as one's own" (Concise Oxford Dictionary). Plagiarism manifests itself in
various forms. These include but are not limited to the following:

• “Verbatim copying, near-verbatim copying, or purposely paraphrasing portions of another
author's paper or unpublished report without citing the exact reference.

• Copying elements of another author's paper, such as equations or illustrations that are not
common knowledge, or copying or purposely paraphrasing sentences without citing the

• Verbatim copying portions of another author's paper or from reports by citing but not
clearly differentiating what text has been copied (e.g. not applying quotation marks
correctly) and /or not citing the source correctly” [1].
• "The unacknowledged use of computer programs, mathematical / computer models /
algorithms, computer software in all forms, macros, spreadsheets, web pages, databases,
mathematical deviations and calculations, designs models / displays of any sort, diagrams,
graphs, tables, drawings, works of art of any sort, fine art pieces or artifacts, digital images,
computer-aided design drawings, GIS files, photographs, maps, music / composition of any
sort, posters, presentations and tracing." [2]

• "Self-plagiarism, that is, the verbatim or near-verbatim re-use of significant portions of
one's own copyrighted work without citing the original source." [1]

IBA aims to help all stakeholders recognize and avoid plagiarism. The punishment for the
offence ranges from a warning to expulsion from IBA for a period of three years. For further
details please consult IBA’s handbook on plagiarism.
[1] “ACM (Association of Computing Machinery) Policy on Plagiarism”
[2] “Academic Integrity Statement:Appendix1” (University of Southampton Calendar 2006/7)